Pipeliner's Resource Library

Pipeliner's Resource Library

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View all of our podcasts, white papers, videos and other resources on the subject of Construction & Inspection & Repair.

Definitions

Ambient Temperature: the temperature surrounding a piece of equipment. The equipment typically includes sensors to recognize changes to the temperature and send the data to personnel monitoring the temperature.

API 1111: sets criteria for the design, construction, testing, operation, and maintenance of offshore steel pipelines utilized in the production, production support, or transportation of hydrocarbons; that is, the movement by pipeline of hydrocarbon liquids, gases, and mixtures of these hydrocarbons with water. This Recommended Practice may also be utilized for water injection pipelines offshore.

API 1163: overs the use of in-line inspection (ILI) systems for onshore and offshore gas and hazardous liquid pipelines. This includes, but is not limited to, tethered, self-propelled, or free-flowing systems for detecting metal loss, cracks, mechanical damage, pipeline geometries, and pipeline location or mapping, The standard applies to both existing and developing technologies.

API 1169: outlines the Pipeline Construction Inspection Certification requirements. The qualification requirements for API 1169 are based on a combination of the number of years of experience acquired within the last 20 years, plus education, and in some cases, other certifications.

API 1172: assists all parties to safely manage construction activities of new or modified facilities parallel to existing underground transmission pipelines.

API 1176: enhances pipeline integrity by providing a comprehensive guide on how to predict and prevent pipeline failures due to cracking.

API 1177: provides a framework for a quality management system (QMS) for onshore pipeline construction.

API 2200: discusses guidelines for safe practices while repairing in-service pipelines for hazardous liquids. This Recommended Practice addresses the needs for qualified personnel and advanced planning (including site assessment) to facilitate safe overall repair activities.

Axial and Circumferential Magnetic Tools: evaluate metal loss going down a pipeline. Axial refers to when the flux runs along the pipeline and circumferential refers to the flux running around the pipe.

Caliper Tool: uses geometry for inspection. The tool runs sensors along the wall of a pipeline to continuously measure the diameter and report back the data.

Cathodic Protection: a technique used to control the corrosion of a metal surface by making it the cathode of an electrochemical cell.

Coating Disbondment: occurs when the external coating applied for corrosion and/or abrasion protection has separated from the pipe.

Computational Pipeline Modeling (CPM): a digital method of mapping out a pipeline’s operational conditions and processes to track the flow of a liquid or gas through the pipeline.

CPM (Computational Pipeline Modeling): a digital method of mapping out a pipeline’s operational conditions and processes to track the flow of a liquid or gas through the pipeline.

EMAT (Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducer): an ultrasonic tool that uses sound waves to perform non-contact inline pipeline inspection.

Helically-Oriented Tools: used to measure metal loss in the shape of a helix or spiral.

High-Consequence Areas (HCAs): defined by PHMSA as a potential impact zone that contains 20 or more structures intended for human occupancy or an identified site. PHMSA identifies how pipeline operators must identify, prioritize, assess, evaluate, repair, and validate the integrity of gas transmission pipelines that could, in the event of a leak or failure, affect HCAs.

  • MCA (Moderate-Consequence Areas or Medium-Consequence Areas): designated areas for gas transmission pipelines.

Inline Inspection (ILI): a method to assess the integrity and condition of a pipe by determining the existence of cracks, deformities, or other structural issues that could cause a leak.

Integrity Management: a systematic approach to operate and manage pipelines in a safe manner that complies with PHMSA regulations.

Leak Detection Systems: include external and internal methods. External methods are based on observing external factors within the pipeline to see if any product is released outside the line. Internal methods are based on measuring parameters of the hydraulics of the pipeline such as flow rate, pressure, density, or temperature. The information is placed in a computational algorithm to determine whether there is a leak.

Leak Rate: measures the accuracy of a leak alarm by comparing how much product is coming into the pipeline versus what is going out of the pipeline.

Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL): a magnetic method of nondestructive testing that is used to detect corrosion and pitting in steel structures such as pipelines.

Negative Pressure Wave: a method to detect the occurrence and location of leak incidents in a pipeline based purely on the pressure drop due to a leak as it travels up and down the pipeline. Three core technical challenges include data quality, dynamic slope, and false alarms causing changes to normal working conditions.

Nominal Flow Rate: measures the volume of a substance passing through the pipeline under specific pressure conditions in normal operating conditions.

Pigging: the use of devices known as “pigs” to perform maintenance operations. This tool associated with inline pipeline inspection has now become known as a Pipeline Inspection Gauge (PIG).

Pressure Drop Analysis: allows a pipeline operator to determine the location of a leak by comparing the data recorded from adjacent pressure sensors.

Real-Time Transient Model (RTTM): simulates the behavior of a pipeline using computational algorithms. The model, which is driven by the field instrumentation, monitors discrepancies between the measured and calculated values potential caused by a leak. RTTM uses flow, pressure, temperature, and density among many other variables.

  • Enhanced RTTM: an advanced version of the real-time transient model uses advanced data collection capabilities to reduce the occurrences of false alarms in a system.

Robustness: the ability of the leak detection model to perform under a range of scenarios that happen in real-world operating conditions.

SmartBall: provides accurate leak and gas pocket detection without interrupting service to make the inspection.

Statistical Volume Balance: a method using the volume in and out of a pipeline, along with pressure changes to account for the pipeline inventory in real-time. This method is also capable of detecting smaller leaks while coping with transient conditions. A statistical approach using the Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT) evaluates the probability of a leak in the pipeline.

Tuning or Optimization: the process of analyzing the results from a leak detection model and the results from the instrumentation to verify the accuracy of the data from the field.

Podcasts

Episode 95: A Brief Pipelining History (Part 2) with KC Yost


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features pipeline historian KC Yost returning to the podcast for Part 2 of a discussion about the history of the pipeline industry with host Russel Treat. In this episode, you will learn about pipeline routing and the history behind it, topography and how it impacts the industry, and KC’s work […]
Show Notes & Transcript >

Episode 85: Pipeline Permitting with Tom Magness


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features Russel Treat and retired Colonel Tom Magness, founder of Eagle’s Leadership, discussing pipeline permitting from a Corps of Engineers’ perspective. Listen for how the government decides what projects and permits are in the best interest of the nation and how to balance both environmental protection and sustainable development. Tom […]
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Episode 81: Ground Movement and Pipeline Integrity with Bryan Crowe


Bryan Crowe, the COO of SolSpec, joins the Pipeliners Podcast to discuss new technology for supporting pipeline integrity and the inspection of ground movements along pipeline right-of-ways. Listen to host Russel Treat and Mr. Crowe discuss the complexities involved in assessing soil movements, especially in different terrains across the country. Plus, the need to monitor, […]
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Episode 73: Hydraulic Design for Business Development Professionals with Dan Sensel, Jason Dalton & Kyle Miller


In the fifth of a series of episodes, Pipeliners Podcast host Russel Treat welcomes the “Three-Phase Flow” trio of Dan Sensel, Jason Dalton, and Kyle Miller from Marathon Pipe Line to discuss the importance of planning and cooperation to maximize hydraulic design. You will learn how changes to pipeline design plans can significantly impact the […]
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Episode 69: Instrumentation Issues in Leak Detection Systems with Dan Sensel, Jason Dalton & Kyle Miller


In the fourth of a series of episodes, Pipeliners Podcast host Russel Treat welcomes Dan Sensel, Jason Dalton, and Kyle Miller from Marathon Pipe Line to discuss the ongoing maintenance and monitoring of leak detection systems. The discussion focuses on specific pipeline situations involving instrumentation, leak detection, optimizing alarms, pressure and metering considerations, the accuracy […]
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Episode 40: New Technology for Inline Inspection with Marc Lamontagne


The Pipeliners Podcast is completing a series on inline inspection with Marc Lamontagne of the Lamontagne Pipeline Assessment Corporation. In this final episode of the series, host Russel Treat and Mr. Lamontagne discuss current and future technology used for ILI. Mr. Lamontagne provides his perspective on the current tools available for ILI, how to use […]
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Episode 47: Fundamentals of Coating with Sindee Lee Gillespie


In this week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode, Russel Treat welcomes first-time guest Sindee Lee (S.L.) Gillespie to discuss the interesting and unique world of protective coatings serving numerous industries, including pipelines. Sindee Lee explains how she got into the business, starting her company (G.O.A. Enterprises), and how the coating business has changed over time. She also […]
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Episode 37: Demagnetizing Pipe for Welding with Jeremy Groover


Pipeliners Podcast host Russel Treat welcomes first-time guest Jeremy Groover of Industrial Degauss to discuss the technology behind demagnetizing pipe for welding purposes. In this episode, you will learn about why pipes need to be demagnetized, the connection to inline inspection (ILI), and how to demagnetize pipe. Jeremy also takes listeners inside the process of […]
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Episode 35: Geometry and Mapping Tools for ILI with Marc Lamontagne


The Pipeliners Podcast is continuing a series on inline inspection (ILI) with Marc Lamontagne of the Lamontagne Pipeline Assessment Corporation. In this episode, host Russel Treat and Mr. Lamontagne discuss the important roles of geometry and mapping for inline inspection. You will learn about the caliper and geometry tools used for inline inspection, why it’s […]
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Episode 34: Ultrasonic for Inline Inspection with Marc Lamontagne


The Pipeliners Podcast is continuing a series on inline inspection (ILI) with Marc Lamontagne of the Lamontagne Pipeline Assessment Corporation. In this episode, host Russel Treat and Mr. Lamontagne discuss the use of ultrasonics for inline inspection. In this episode, you will learn about the use of ultrasonic tools to capture information about corrosion and […]
Show Notes & Transcript >

Episode 29: MFL for Inline Inspection with Marc Lamontagne


The Pipeliners Podcast is kicking off a new series on inline inspection (ILI) with Marc Lamontagne of the Lamontagne Pipeline Assessment Corporation. Host Russel Treat and Mr. Lamontagne begin the series discussing magnetic flux leakage (MFL) technology. In this episode, you will learn about the value of MFL as the workhorse of inline inspection, how […]
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Episode 28: Leak Alarm Response with Giancarlo Milano


The Pipeliners Podcast is excited to deliver a series of episodes with Giancarlo Milano of Atmos International. In this fifth and final episode of the series on leak detection, Russel Treat and Giancarlo reverse roles with Giancarlo interviewing Russel about leak alarm response. In this episode, you will learn about the technological side of setting […]
Show Notes & Transcript >

Episode 27: Rupture Detection with Giancarlo Milano


The Pipeliners Podcast is excited to deliver a series of episodes with Giancarlo Milano of Atmos International. In this fourth episode of the series on leak detection, Russel Treat and Giancarlo discuss rupture detection. In this episode, you will learn what type of leak classifies as a rupture, the importance of your systems and measurements […]
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Episode 10: Inline Pipeline Inspection with Marc Lamontagne


In this episode of the Pipeliners Podcast, you will learn about the important topic of inline pipeline inspection with guest Marc Lamontagne. Included is a discussion of the history of pigging and the three categories of threats to pipeline integrity. You will be in the same position as host Russel Treat walking through the pigging […]
Show Notes & Transcript >

Episode 14: Fundamentals of Pipeline Leak Detection with Giancarlo Milano


For the first time on the Pipeliners Podcast, host Russel Treat dives into the fundamentals of pipeline leak detection with guest Giancarlo Milano of Atmos International. In this episode, you will learn about the fundamentals of leak detection including external and internal prominent approaches to leak detection. Then, Giancarlo walks listeners through various computerized approaches […]
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Episode 121: An Introduction to Pipeline Corrosion with Bob Franco


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features first-time guest “Mr. Corrosion” Bob Franco of Franco Corrosion Consulting providing an introduction to the science of corrosion in pipelines. In this episode, you will learn about the basics of corrosion, why cathodic protection is essential when dealing with corrosion, the role of pigging when dealing with corrosion, and […]
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Episode 124: Pipeline Crack Management with Michael Stackhouse


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features first-time guest Michael Stackhouse discussing crack management as part of an integrity management program. In this episode, you will learn about the history of crack assessment, how to understand the nature of cracks and then developing the appropriate response, how to manage assets so that cracks don’t become a […]
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Episode 126: A Conversation With PHMSA Administrator Skip Elliott


The Pipeliners Podcast is honored to speak with PHMSA Administrator Howard “Skip” Elliott about his role as a President-appointee overseeing pipeline safety at the federal level. In this conversation with host Russel Treat, you will learn about the role of PHMSA in the federal government, what is required to close the small gap in pipeline […]
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Episode 122: History of Pipeline Inspection with KC Yost


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features pipeline historian KC Yost discussing the history of pipeline inspection in the industry. In this episode, you will learn about the interesting back-story of how pipeline inspection started. You’ll also learn about how the industry has advanced through a deeper understanding of the importance of protecting the material integrity, […]
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Episode 128: Distribution Integrity Management with John Erickson


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features first-time guest John Erickson of the American Public Gas Association (APGA) discussing the important elements of Distribution Integrity Management for natural gas with host Russel Treat. In this episode, you will learn about the history of integrity management, how transmission integrity management differs from integrity management, and how geocentric […]
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Episode 136: Geotechnical Hazards in Pipelining with Jen Holmstadt


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features first-time guest Jen Holmstadt of WSB discussing the process of evaluating geotechnical hazards in pipelining. In this episode, you will learn about complexity around geohazards in pipelining, geohazard assessment methods, and the importance of predictive methods when analyzing geotechnical hazards. You will also learn about the importance of understanding […]
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Episode 141: A Lifetime in Pipeline Leak Detection with Jun Zhang


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features Dr. Jun Zhang, the CEO and founder of Atmos International, discussing her career in pipeline leak detection. In this episode, you will learn about Dr. Zhang’s educational background, how she started Atmos International, the challenges she faced when starting a company in the pipeline industry, how leak detection technology […]
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Episode 77: Determining Batch Arrival Time in Slack Line Operations with Giancarlo Milano


Recorded on-site at PSIG 2019 in London, Russel Treat and Giancarlo Milano of Atmos International discuss the factors that go into determining batch arrival time of product that is moved through a pipeline during slack line operations. This insightful conversation includes a discussion of the variables that affect batch delivery, the importance of communicating accurate […]
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Episode 142: Pipeline Routing, Permitting, and Pre-Construction Planning with Claudia Farrell


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features Claudia Farrell of Burns & McDonnell discussing the key factors that go into pipeline routing, permitting, and pre-construction planning. In this episode, you will learn about the processes and planning involved in building a pipeline, typical situations that affect pipeline routing, and the complexity around the pipeline permitting process. […]
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Episode 148: AC Interference Effects and Mitigation with Frank Onesto


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features first-time guest Frank Onesto of Burns & McDonnell discussing the effects of alternating currents (AC) on pipelines and why this matters. In this episode, you will learn about the common impacts of AC on pipelines, the benefits of modern pipeline coatings, and the three AC interference mechanisms that you […]
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Episode 150: Pipeline Construction Planning with Denys Stavnychyi


This week’s Pipeliners Podcast episode features first-time guest Denys Stavnychyi of Burns & McDonnell discussing the key steps that go into pipeline construction. In this episode, you will learn about the five categories of pre-construction planning, the pipeline construction process, the importance of planning vs. correction, and how to navigate the difficulties associated with constructing […]
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